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Energy Efficiency Directive (EED)
Updated: February 2018
The energy efficiency
directive (EED) supplements the other EU energy efficiency directives
to increase energy efficiency and reach the EU
2020 target of 20% increase in energy efficiency. Its main elements are
that it mandates national (indicative) energy efficiency 2020-targets
and national energy efficiency action plans, require energy
supply companies to increase energy savings at least 1.5% per
year of the energy they sell, require better information to consumers
on their consumption, require central governments to energy renovate
3% of their buildings annually, energy audits every four year for large
companies, and energy efficiency in energy supply with promotion of cogeneration
(CHP), district heating and use of waste heat.
Reaching Energy Efficiency Targets for 2020
In 2013, the EU countries presented their indicative national energy efficiency targets for 2020, as required by EED. Some targets require large additional measures like those for Slovakia and Belgium's while some targets are below the "business as usual" developments of the countries, like Estonia's Adding up the national targets does not meet the overall EU target of 20% reduction of energy efficiency below baseline in 2020, but rather a 14-17% reduction. Because the national targets do not add up to the EU target, the EU Commission is expected to propose additional actions.
The EU 20% energy efficiency target for 2020 is defined as 20% reductions compared with a baseline of increased consumption. To make this operational the target is defined as an energy consumption in 2020 of no more than 1 474 Mtoe primary energy or no more than 1 078 Mtoe of final energy for the 27 EU countries ' This is 15% below the actual consumption in 2007 when the baseline was developed. When Croatia entered EU the target was revised to "1 483 Mtoe primary energy or no more than 1 086 Mtoe of final energy''.
National Energy Efficiency Action Plans (NEEAPs)
Starting April 2014, the EU countries shall every three years develop National Energy Efficiency Action Plans (NEEAPs). The NEEAPs shall describe the national energy efficiency actions, realised and expected energy savings and progress towards reaching the national energy efficiency targets. You can find the 28 NEEAPs here.
Main Elements of EED in national legislation
The EED was agreed on the 13th June 2012 as directive 2012/27/EU. Its main binding measures to be implemented in national legislation are:
distribution companies shall achieve energy savings of at least 1,5% each
year of their energy sales, in average for each country 2014-2020.
that 1,5 % reduction can be achieved through these measures:
Consumers shall have easy access to their energy consumption data in real-time and historically energy consumption through good information systems and more accurate individual metering
Large enterprises shall carry out energy audits at least every four years, with a first energy audit at the latest by 5 December 2015. The countries shall set incentives for SMEs to undergo energy audits to help them identify their potentials for reduced energy consumption.
Central governments shall renovate 3% annually of the buildings they owned and use. They shall also include energy efficiency considerations in public procurement, covering purchase of energy efficient buildings, products and services.
be increased in energy generation with a number of measures:
- Each member state will draw up a roadmap to make its entire buildings sector more energy efficient by 2050.
Large Gains of EED
It was noted with the development of the EED proposal that the public sector uses large amounts of energy and therefore offers a great opportunity for savings in both energy and money. Similarly the public sector is quite visible to citizens and could create a more positive image for energy efficiency. One scenario estimated that investments in energy efficiency in the public sector will cost the EU €1.6 billion in while potentially saving €1.92 billion This analysis os behind the directive requirements for a 3% per annum rate of renovation for central government buildings and the the stricter requirements for public bodies to buy more energy efficient supplies and equipment.
Efficiency Directive Proposed
for Energy Efficiency in Cogeneration (CHP)