February 2018, 2016
The Directive "Ecodesign of Energy-related
Products Directive" (ErP) 2009/125/EC establishes
a framework for the setting of Ecodesign requirements (such as energy
efficiency requirements) for all energy-using products and
energy-related products (ErP)* in the residential, tertiary and industrial
sectors. The Ecodesign Directive is supplemented by the energy labelling
aim of the directives to reduce the environmental
impact of products in cost-effective ways, including the energy consumption
throughout the entire life cycles of the products.
* Energy related products are defined as products that use(convert)
energy carriers in the form of gas, oil, electricity or others (such as a boiler,
an energy using product) or that cause energy use (such as a window where, heat
losses are determining the energy use of the boiler, - the window is therefore
said to be energy-related)
to Cover 40+ Energy Using Product Groups in the EU, 2016
is covering most energy using products on the markets
of the EU countries
with Ecodesign regulation (EU implementing acts) with minimum energy efficiency
requirements and other environmental requirements, based on
and other measures cover at least 32 product groups as well as 2 horizontal
aspects (standby consumption and electric motors). For each product group
or horizontal measure is adopted an implementation measure, typically
market regulation. Also voluntary agreements are possible measures. Often
the process also involves mandatory energy efficiency labelling with
the Energy Labelling
For many products these measures can reduce consumption 25% or more. The
current Ecodesign directive was adopted november
2009 as a revision of the 2005-Ecodesign
Directive, enlarging the scope to energy related products. This could
be windows that are important for heat consumption of a house, but do
not directly consume
fuel or other delivered energy.
covered by regulations that are already in force are: standby and off
-mode losses, simple set-top boxes, non directional household lamps,
sector lighting products, external power supplies, electric motors, circulators,
water pumps, TVs, domestic refrigerators and freezers, household washing machines,
household dishwashers, tumble dryers, air conditioners and fans.
Regulation (EU) 2016/2281 enters into force on 9 December
2016. It establishes the eco-design requirements for air heating products,
cooling products, high temperature process chillers and fan coil units.
This equipment must be designed and manufactured to satisfy requirements
under the Regulation.
Working Plan 2016-2019 -
to the European Commission (see link below); “It is estimated that
10%-25% of products on the market do not comply
with ecodesign and energy labelling requirements. As a result, around
10% of envisaged energy savings are being lost”. In order to strengthen
the compliance with these abovementioned requirements, the third Ecodesign
Working Plan for the period 2016-2019 was adopted on the 30th of November
2016 by the European Commission. The Working Plan adds out new product
groups which are considered priorities for the adoption of implementing
measures under the Ecodesign Directive. These are; building automation
and control systems, electric kettles, hand dryers, lifts, solar panels
and inverters, refrigerated containers, and high pressure cleaners.
about the product groups can be found here (pdf).
are a few other novelties in this new Working Plan (2016-2019) especially
concerning Circular Economy. The resource efficiency gets
more attention from the Commission who will study the possible application
of more “product-specific” requirements on matters such as durability
(e.g. minimum lifetime of products or critical components), reparability
(e.g. availability of spare parts and repair manuals, design for
repair), ease of reuse and recycling (e.g. avoiding incompatible
others. These requirements need to follow a systematic approach thus,
a ‘toolbox’ for eco-design will be developed by the Commission.
New Ecodesign requirements for 2014-15 are:
New requirements for vacuum cleaners. Read INFORSE's
Press Release, which includes explanation.
January 2015: New requirements for networked standby ("internet
of things"), coffee machines (only limits to stand-by time), and baking ovens.
September 2015: New
requirements for boilers, water heaters, heat pumps for
the full list of products covered at
Campaign Web site and at the European
Council on Energy Efficiency web site.
Focus on Solid Fuel
The regulation of stoves and other small biomass installations is important
as they can contribute to replace fossil fuels
with renewable biomass,
but they can also be local pollution problems. With new technology
and good regulation, biomass can be used more efficiently, thus
replacing more fossil fuel, and making less pollution. After 5 years
of preparations, Ecodesign regulations were agreed in October 2014 for
solid fuel boiler and ovens (local space heaters), setting limits to
as well as to air pollution with particles and organic gases such as
as tar-gases. The EU-wide air pollution requirements will only enter
into force in 2020 for solid fuel boilers and in 2022 for ovens. Because
of the long implementation time, countries are invited to set the requirements
as national requirements earlier, which some countries, such as Germany
and Denmark, will do.
Standby - now also for networks
January 2010, most products put on the market in EU satisfy
the new standby criteria:
- No more consumption than
0.5 Watt for stand-by
and off-mode, or 1 Watt if there is a display.
- From January 2015 there are also limits to the increasing number
connected to networks that can be activated via network (cable or wireless).
The limits are 4 Watts in products with low (slow) network availability,
and 8 Watts in products with high network availability. From 2016 these
limits will be reduced to 2 W and 8 W respectively.
The Ecodesign and
the Energy Labelling Directives have given tremendous benefits for the
European environment, economy and consumers. The expected savings
until 2020 are 366 TWh, equal to 12% of EU power demand or 10 times
the entire power demand of Denmark. In addition comes other environmental
benefits, such as cleaner air from regulation of solid fuel, limits
of the use of strong greenhouse gases as refrigerents and others.
Process for Product Groups
process for each product group is the following:
• The product group is included in the EU Commissions Ecodesign Work
The European Commission launches a preparatory study made by experts,
with stakeholders (industry, NGOs) consultation, typically 1-2 years.
• The Commission, using the outcomes of the study, issues a Working Document
suggesting policy options.
• One month later, discussion of the document in the “Consultation
Forum”composed of stakeholders including INFORSE-Europe and other NGOs
and industry groups.
• After a social and economic impact assessment, a proposal for EU regulation
is made by the EU Commission, typically 3 months after the Consultation Forum.
This final draft measure is submitted for vote to the Regulatory Committee
composed of Member States officials. Amendments can be discussed and a qualified
has to be reached for the vote.
• Adoption of EU Commission in cooperation with EU countries (for energy
efficiency requirements that are under the Ecodesign directive the countries
have to approve regulation with qualified majority while for labelling the
countries only have a right to veto a proposal with qualified majority. This
is because only the labeling directive follows the Lisbon Treaty as this directive
was adopted after December 2009)
•"Scrutiny" by EU Parliament (and with Lisbon also by EU countries),
where a majority of EU parliamentarians (or EU countries) can stop a measure,
• Official entry into force of regulation(s)
• Typically 1 year after regulation enters into force, companies must only
put on the EU market products that follow the regulation and has the necessary
labels. Only such products can carry the "CE" label.
• Typically 2-3 years later stronger energy efficiency requirements are
introduced as a second step
• Typically 4-5 years after a regulation enters into force it is reviewed,
and a revision might take place (this has not happened yet since the regulation
Read the whole List of the Product Groups.
a permanent seat in the Consultation Forum, where all Ecodesign regulations
are discussed. In the Consultation Forum is also other environmental
organisations such as WWF, CAN-Europe, EEB, ECOS, as well as industry,
consumers and EU countries. We cooperate with the other environmental
on our inputs to the process as well as more generally in the Cool
Products Campaign and collect our positions etc. on our common
web site Ecodesign of Products.
We develop common position to better argue for high energy efficiency
requirements and good consumer information via labels etc.
INFORSE & NGOs
Press Release on Vacuum Cleaners - (pdf
file 241 kb)
- Professional Refrigerating and Freezing Equipment
Joint position from environmental NGOs (pdf
file 50 Kb)
12.2011 - Coffee Machines
Joint position from environmental NGOs (pdf
file 159 Kb)
Network Standby Modes
ECOS position paper (pdf
file 50 Kb)
Final Drafts for Boilers
Joint position from environmental NGOs on the EC Working Documents on
Ecodesign and Energy Labelling for boilers of March 2011 (pdf
file 182 Kb)
can read most of the INFORSE's position at:
of INFORSE's Position on Ecodesign.
In the Consultation Forum INFORSE-Europe works for:
but practical possible energy efficiency standards that moves the market
by excluding inefficient products currently on the market
- fast implementation
of measures, typically one year after they are approved
- a multi-step approach
with stronger energy efficiency regulation 2-3 years after the first
step and update after 5-6 years to include new
- information to consumers on energy consumption of products,
including standby consumption and typical annual consumption.
- only use of voluntary agreements
where the size of the market is small, typically smaller than
200,000 units sold per year, there are minimal free-rider
problems with companies outside the agreement, and a preparatory
study has documented efficiency potentials and effects of possible
measures (typically of internal market regulation and of a voluntary
For each product type, INFORSE-Europe
adopts a specific position together with ECOS and other NGOs.
Read more about the Ecodesign Directive
and implementation measures at:
- EU's web site: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/efficiency/ecodesign/eco_design_en.htm
- NGO positions at www.ecostandard.org,
env-ngo.eup-network.de and www.coolproducts.eu.
Directive Recast - Evaluation
The Ecodesign Directive
was evaluated in 2014. The conclusion was that the Ecodesign Directive
does not need
amendments at this point. It was considered to expand it to non-energy
products, such as cold water installations or products with large
environmental impacts in production, but the case was not sufficiently
strong for such an expansion of the scope of the directive.
Read more on a Historical Review of the Ecodesign Development
to energy efficiency main page
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