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EU Climate Policy Post 2012
EU Climate Policy Development 2009
Following the consultation on post 2012 climate policies October 2008 (read INFORSE-Europe response), the EU Commission is preparing a policy initiative on future climate policies in the beginning of 2009, to cover isses not addressed by the EU Climate & Energy Package.
Climate & Energy Package Adopted
Airline Emissions Compromise
EU Energy Package with Renewable Energy Directive (ETS, Targets 2020, etc.)
EU Climate Targets and New EU Energy Policies
An important background for the EU leaders’ energy and climate decisions is the EU commission energy package.
European Climate Program Update 2005-2006
In 2006, EU is reviewed its climate policies and planned new actions in the European Climate Change Program (ECCP). The review was started with a large stakeholder conference on October 24, 2005 and continued with review of climate policy and development of new proposals in the first half of 2006. A number of working groups has reviewed results of the previous European Climate Change Program, and worked on proposals for new areas such as aviation and CO2 sequestration. There were 5 review groups (energy supply, energy demand, transport, other gases than CO2, agriculture and forestry) and groups on impact & adaptation, carbon capture & storage, aviation, light duty vehicles. Reports are available from a number of working groups at the "circa" website (see below). They formed some of the basis for the EU commission energy packet, January 2007
EU Emission Trading was dealt with in a special group.
INFORSE-Europe participated in the review together with CAN-Europe, participating in review groups for energy supply and energy demand.
See the ECCP website
Read public working documents from the process (circa website), including the input on energy supply from INFORSE-Europe and other NGOs.
New EU Targets on Climate, March 30, 2005
March 23, 2005, the EU leaders agreed to aim for a 15-30% cut in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 for industrialised countries, subject to future cost-benefit analyses and international negotiations. They also confirmed the commitment of EU countries to work for a limit of global warming to 2'C above pre-industrial level.
They did not confirm the EU environmental ministers' proposal of limiting greenhouse gas emissions with 60-80% by 2050; but with the commitment to the limit global warming to 2'C, it is hard to see how it can be realised with less than 60-80% reductions by 2050. The higher end of the reductions, 30% (and 80% in 2050) ia according to the scientists the minimal reductions to limit global warming to 2'C, if applied throughout the industrialised world.
The new targets for EU and the commitments that go with them shows the will to act. Other countries must act as well, if we want to stabilise the climate; but with a clear signal from EU it will be easier for them. Further, to meet the targets technical solutions will be developed that the whole world can use.
Researchers have found the costs of reductions are considerable but affordable, maybe 0,6% of GDP; but the studies usually not include the costs of energy crisis and the late increases in fossil fuel prices. The reduction of CO2-emissions is strongly linked to fossil fuel consumption, and if this consumption is not reduced, EU's growing dependence of the scarcer and more expensive imported fossil fuels is likely to be much more costly than any of the proposed climate mitigation measures. In this way, activities to reduce fossil fuel use to stabilise the climate also becomes activities to stabilise the economies, shielding them from the most negative effects of coming energy crisis.
Even though the targets are hardly sufficient to stabilise the climate,
we will welcome them from INFORSE. They are a good framework for the
upcoming discussions on the next Kyoto period 2013-2017. Then future
the need to strengthen the targets for the following periods.
Commenting on the targets, many environmental organisations have welcomed
it, though stated that it might not be sufficient, while some industry
organisations have advocated for a delay in setting the targets.
Commission Report on future Climate Targets 2005
The EU Commission released a communication of post2012 climate policies in February "Winning the Battle Against Climate Change” (SEC 2005-180), in which it states that "Doing nothing is not an option"; but it also concluded that it is "…….not recommending the adoption of a specific EU target at this stage." As presented above, the countries have decided to one step further and recommend targets. The Commission has a number of other proposals, such as implementing policies to reach the present target for 2008-2012, include climate issues in EU's cooperation with other countries, en energy efficiency initiative and a new European Climate Change Programme.
Read about the Commission activities at http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/future_action.htm
All inputs to EU Commission Stakeholder Consultation, October 2004, including INFORSE-Europe's submission. See seperately, the INFORSE-Europe's submission answering to 7 questions given by the EU Commission. October/ November 22, 2004.
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