Visions for a European Energy Conservation Strategy"
Strategy should establish a practical framework for European cooperation
actions to increase energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy.
It should ensure a substantial reduction in primary energy use as
as in environmental impacts of energy production and use. To do that,
a clear goal is necessary, and we propose a 20% reduction from today's
level of primary energy use in Europe by 2010.
In addition, the strategy
should include an international frame-work for implementation. An inter-national
body should be created to develop common guidelines for dif-ferent energy-efficiency
measures as well as to facilitate cooperation and exchange of informa-tion.
It must be open to NGO participation.
The strategy should
apply to all of Europe, not only to Central and Eastern Europe. The strategy
should promote sustai-nable consumption and production patterns in accordance
with Agenda 21. Energy use and related emissions must be within the limits
of the environmental space for Europe.
Policies made according
to the strategy and its guidelines should be approved by inter-national
bodies (e.g. EU, Energy Charter, and Multilateral Development Banks).
Strategy should include guidelines for:
Use of general
- Phase-out of all
non-environment-oriented subsidies on energy;
Stimulation of energy
efficiency and renewable energy:
of external costs in energy prices, e.g., with energy / CO2
taxes on fossil fuels
and charges on nuclear energy to pay for its full costs of liability,
decommissioning, and waste storage. Renewable energy must
from the energy/CO2 tax. A special tax should be levied on aircraft
fuel. At least part of the revenue should be used for stimulation
energy efficiency and renew-able energy. Further uses could include
reduction of costs for labour;
- Possible solutions
to social problems of high energy prices/-taxes, including special support
for introduction of energy efficiency and renewable-energy options for
the socially disadvantaged.
A number of other
education, and training in energy conservation, possibly combining the
activities of state institutions, private sector, and NGOs;
- Subsidy schemes
for energy efficiency and renewable energy;
- Energy audits
for commercial, residential, and especially publicly owned build-ings;
- Priorities for
international and local investments in sustainable energy;
- Facilitation of
a market for sustainable energy technol-ogies;
- Promotion of research,
development, & demonstration in sustainable ener-gy solutions;
of good/best practices.
should not support any scheme of "activities implemented joint-ly". In
addition to the many problems of such a scheme, it is a small and unreliable
standards and labels for energy use of appliances, machinery,
houses, etc. Schemes
for standards should address the problem of substandard products sold
to countries with lower or no standards;
- Introduction of
integrated resource planning, giving priority to demand-side manage-ment;
- Replace high quality
energy use with alternatives, wherever possible; e.g., replace electric
space heating with other forms of space heating;
- Introduction of
energy-efficiency measures into the transport sector and creation of
sustainable transport systems;
and other measures to reduce energy consumption via influence on lifestyle
and individual behaviour, including those of children and youth;
- Measures to reduce
energy consumption by changes in structure, e.g., minimisation and increased
re-use of materials; better land-use plan-ning;
- Support for grassroots
and community-based initiatives.
The strategy should NOT
give priority to the stimulation of international energy trade, which may
increase dependency on unsustainable energy imports. National governments
should be able to levy taxes/tariffs on unsustainable energy imports.
was developed by the Energy- and Climate- Issue Group of the European
ECO Forum at the European NGO Seminar for Sustainable Energy, June 22-26,
1997, in Budmerice, Slovakia, and adopted with amendments at the group's
next meeting at Lake Bled, Slovenia, November 7-8, 1997. It was presented
at the Pan-European Environmental Ministers' Meeting in Aarhus, Denmark,