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Energy Vision for Hungary
Hungarian Sustainable Energy Vision
March - April 2013: Vision 2040 Hungary 2.0
A new edition of the Sustainable Energy Vision called "Vision 2040 Hungary 2.0" is under preparation. The new version is based on the feedback received on the original publication "Hungary 1.0", which presented in numerous conferences and lectures. The original publication has version number 1.0, and consequently little corrections and perfections were edited in vision 1.1 and 1.2.
March 2013, the vision's version 2.0 is under final consultations.
The new edition contains new chapters on energy planning
and energy transition written by new researchers who joined
the project from different fields, such as mechanical and
engineers, economists, psychologist, as well as the vice-president
of the Hungarian Chamber of Architects. Simultaneously,
expected publishing date
Photo: The ELTE University Sustainable Energy Research Group
26 March, 2013
October 2011: New Publication
"Vision 2040 Hungary 1.0 - Go Ahead This Way: A Framework
of a Sustainable Energy System in Hungary"
it as pdf from the Hungarian Air Pollution web site:
2011: Poster of "Vision 2040, Hungary"
Hungary, despite being a land locked country, is actually very rich in renewable energy. The renewable electricity production from 2001 till 2009 represents a five-fold increase in production. Today the majority of Hungary`s renewable energy comes form biomass which accounts for 90% and geothermal for 8.2%.
The Hungarian "Vision2050" is similar to the vision for EU. It is developed in cooperation with INFORSE-Europe and a an INFORSE-Europe member. The Hungarian INFORSE member is the Environmental Education Network Association (EENA), which also cooperated with a group of University students from the ELTE University. The work was coordinated by Gunnar Boye Olesen (INFORSE-Europe) and Béla Munkácsy (EENA and ELTE University).
Group's work consisted of:
The Sustainable Energy Vision 2050 for Hungary shows that if the country uses its potential in the use of renewable energy sources and the energy efficiency, than the 100 % renewable energy scenario is possible. It is physically possible, but it needs change in regulatory frameworks and consumption attitudes.
4-Factor Energy Efficiency
In 2010, the primary energy supply of Hungary is around 1100 PJ. According to the Vision's scenario this value could be less than 400 PJ by 2050.
This is based
on that Hungary can reduce the specific energy demand
and service sector heating by 75% with respect to the given
floor space (Factor 4), but we must admit that this is not the final
value because of the presumably growing area of heated floor space.
The specific heat and fuel demand of production sector will be also
by around 60%.
As for the personal transport the use of cars will be reduced to 65%, the value of air traffic is going to be only 70% of today’s. These reductions will be compensated by the growth of public transport sector, which is going to be more than doubled, meanwhile the efficiency will be reduced in all sectors, especially in case of cars and buses (to 25-30%) – thanks to the switch to electric engines. Goods transport, related to the value of 2000, will show a growing tendency in activity, except for pipelines, which will reduce to 5% due to the decreasing import of oil and gas. Efficiency will be doubled on this field, as well.
To achieve these energy efficiency, we took into consideration future changes of consumers’ attitude and an expected alteration of regulatory environment. These changes will happen as the price of the conventional energy will increase, but they are also needed to be supported by awareness campaigns, national and EU regulatory frameworks.
In 2050, according to the scenario of the Vision the most significant energy sources will be wind, sustainable biomass and biogas. Considering the potentials, the less important will be energy plantation by utilizing 7% of its potential because of related ecological problems. Meanwhile, in case of biogas we will take advantage of 88% of its potential. The main cause of the higher rate of biogas-usage is due to the possibility of widespread use, furthermore it might help solving some problems of waste management.
Primary Energy Supply in Hungary according to the Vision [PJ]
Energy Sources in 2050