2018, December 2014
The EPBD requires
countries to gradually increase energy efficiency requirements for
buildings, leading to requirements for near zero energy buildings
in 2020. These requirements are introduced in national building codes
in the 28 EU countries.
The Directive was adopted in 2010 and got
revised in 2018. Read more at Revised
Directive on the Energy Performance of Buildings.
Index of this
of the Energy Performance in Buildings Directive (EPBD) Read
of the EPBD Read
EPBD Can Boost Energy Efficiency.
Recommendation for Implementation Read
Bit of History Read
of the Energy Performance in Buildings Directive (EPBD)
The main elements of the EPBD, Directive
Energy efficiency requirements
should be set to cost-optimal levels.
efficiency requirements shall be gradually increased to reach " near
houses" for all new buildings in 2020 and for public buildings in 2018.
shall set energy efficiency requirements for technical building systems, such
as heating systems, ventilation, windows,
envelop parts. This can be requirements for condensing boilers, high-efficiency
heat pumps, low-energy windows, and energy efficiency ventilation
major renovations of buildings, the renovated parts of the building shall be
energy efficient, also when renovating small buildings
energy and district heating shall be used, when it is cost-effective.
shall be certified regarding energy efficiency when sold, and for larger buildings
at regular intervals.
information on EPBD.
of the EPBD
The provisions of the EPBD
are primarily implemented in the EU countries via the national building
codes. Implementation was in general done in 2013.
A major element of the implementation is
to set efficiency requirements on cost-effective levels.To
assist this, the EU Commission adopted a regulation
with a Comparative
Methodology Framework for calculating cost-optimal
levels of minimum energy performance requirements for buildings and
244/2012. Read it here)
The EU Commission
is evaluating the implementation of the EPBD. In 2013 it found that
progress was insufficient for the work towards near zero energy
buildings, but in 2014 it found that several countries have improved
on this. In 2013 it
also found the energy certificates are valued by consumers, as
EPBD can Boost Energy Efficiency
In countries that
have implemented the EPBD in ambitious ways, this will
lead to large increase
of energy efficiency,
and large volumes of imported energy as well as
Recommendation for Implementation
that energy efficiency standards in national building codes have
been one of the most efficient and cost-effective ways of raising energy
efficiency in EU countries, this Directive is very important
for future increase in energy efficiency. The effect of it is, however,
crucial dependent on the implementation in national legislation.
is important that there are national debates about the implementation
with focus on how to maximize the benefits of building regulation.
Historically building codes have included relatively low requirements
efficiency and renewable energy in many EU countries, leading
to much higher energy consumption
than the cost-effective level. Because most houses are built according
to the standards, the users are trapped with these unnecessary high
costs. New, stronger building codes can correct this problem.
the implementation, the countries should give priority to passive solar
energy above what is proposed in the Directive. Passive solar energy
use should be taken into account in planning, orientation and positioning
of houses; as well as in use and heating control of houses. There is
also a need for inclusion of passive solar concepts in education. Further
the countries should give priority to micro-CHP, i.e. building-integrated
is proposed that the limit for renovation of buildings to require current
energy efficiency standards is set to renovations that costs above
10% of the value of the building.
Read INFORSE-Europe's proposals for implementations
of the recast of EPBD in 2008: INFORSE
on EPBD in 2008 (pdf
INFORSE-Europe Positions to Energy Service Directive and
EPBD in 2007: NFORSE
on Energy Service and EPBD in 2007 (pdf
A Bit of History
regulation have historically not been part of EU regulation, as the EU
started as a free market, and since building "does not ross border"
they were not regulated by the EU. This changed
climate change became subject of EU regulation in the 1990's. Then the
EU started to work for reductions of fossil fuel use, and since buildings
in the EU are responsible for some 40% of the energy use, they also became
subject of the regulation. The EU regulation of buildings was further
promoted with the conclusions of the European Climate Change Programme
With this background the EU Commission proposed a directive that was
adopted as the EPBD in 2002 and implemented in the EU countries until
2006. It required that energy efficiency requirements were included in
building codes, that larger buildings had energy certificates, and others,
but it did not mandate any specific level of requirements
In 2008, started the recast of the Directive, leading to the more
effective current EPBD.
Directive on the Energy Performance of Buildings -
New 2018 Agreement
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