Stories in South Asia
Local Material - Bamboo used at Biogas, Solar Driers
Used at Biogas, Solar within Eco-Village Developments
Raymond Myles, Secretary General, INSEDA and Zareen Myles, Executive
This case study briefly discusses the processes and strategies for
promotion and implementation, mainly by utilizing eco-friendly bamboo
building material and renewable-energy based sustainable eco-village
development (EVD) actions.
Chapter "Bamboo use at biogas and solar within
Eco- village" from the Publication "Combining
Energy Access and
Climate Protection", 2014. Download Chapter
(pdf, 566 kB).
Cookstoves Stoves (ICS)
by Centre for Rural
Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
In Nepal mainly the women are
responsible for cooking activities and collecting firewood,
therefore using more efficient and smoke-free cookstoves
is mostly beneficial for women. Improved cooking stoves (ICS)
has efficiency of 15-25% and fuelwood saving is 30-35%. Thus
using ICS reduces the drudgery of women as the cooking time
and the fire wood collecting time is less. Moreover using
chimney can reduce the smoke. The majority of the women using
ICS have responded that they had asthma and eye burning due
to traditional stoves but the situation has improved after
installation of ICS.
Studies have shown that with the use of ICS human exposure to pollutants
in the kitchen environment has been reduced by an average of 69% carbon
monoxide concentration, 53% total suspended particle (TSP) concentration
and 63% HCHO (Formaldehyde) concentration.
Read more: "Improved
Cookstoves Commercialisation in Nepal" (pdf
by R. M. Amerasekera, IDEA
Lanka’s stove programme can be identified as one of
the few large-scale successes in the developing countries’ quest
for sustainability. The stove dissemination is fully commercialised
and several studies have established that its production
and social marketing process has reached sustainability in
Sri Lanka. At present, over 300,000 stoves are produced annually by
185 rural potter families and marketed by a network of private traders
dispersed throughout the country. The stoves are demanded and traded
like any other commercial product in the market without any external
influence or intervention. However, to reach this level of success,
several strategically structured moves with consistent efforts were
employed over a period of nearly 30 years by several organisation.
- "Anagi Improved Cookstoves Commercialisation", Chapter
from Publication "Combining Energy Access and Climate Protection",
2014 (pdf 442 kB)
- "Anagi" success
story, 2006 (pdf 133 kB)
- Construction of an "Anagi" stove, 2006 (pdf
- Article: "Great "No-smoke" kitchen
in Sri Lanka" by Zareen Myles (WAFD), India.
Full article: 4 pages, (142kB
pdf file) and Summary: 1
page, (426 KB pdf file),
Credit for Household Biogas Plants
by Raymond Myles, INSEDA, India
INSEDA’s Gold Standard VER (Voluntary Emission Reduction) project
was aimed at mitigating greenhouse gases (GHGs) via household bio-digesters
and at increasing the efficiency rate of the biogas plants by bundling
household anaerobic biogas plant installed in the rural areas of Kerala
and Madhya Pradesh. Biogas generated from the bio-digesters helped
in replacing firewood used for domestic cooking purposes, thus improving
the quality of air in the cooking space and also reducing the drudgery
imposed on women.
- Carbon Credit for Household Biogas Plants, Chapter from
Publication "Combining Energy Access and Climate Protection, 2014 (PDF)
Dryers for Income Generation
By Lalitta Balakrishnan with inputs from Madhu Bajpai and other colleagues,
dryers were tested in four places in India. The activities
were carried out by the All India Women’s Conference
(AIWC), a non-profit NGO, which has 150,000 members in
500+ branches. The solar dryers can dry fruit and vegetables
in sufficient quantities to create livelihood for one person.
The dried fruit and vegetables are of good quality and
can replace fruit and vegetables dried with electricity
- "Solar Dryers for Income Generation" Chapter from Publication "Combining
Energy Access and Climate Protection, 2014 (PDF)
project by Centre for Rural Technology (CRT/N)
Nepal, All India Women’s Conference (AIWC),
India - National Focal Points of INFORSE.
The Centre for
Rural Technology (CRT) Nepal, in partnership with AIWC India,
carried out a 9-month project in 2005 to help rural women
to use solar dryers in selected villages in Nepal and in
The project was supported by the Energy Small Grants Program Phase
III of the South Asia Energy Initiatives (SARI), Enhancing Energy Security,
and Rural Entrepreneurship through Energy Interventions.
The project helped to increase access of rural women to efficient energy
devices, especially solar dryers, and to help them establish successful
rural enterprises to improve their standard of living.
More information: Ganesh Ram Shrestha, Centre
for Rural Technology, Nepal. www.crtnepal.org
Solar Home System
Home Systems with Micro Credits
By Mr. Abser Kamal, Dr. M Shahidul Islam, Mr. Mohammad Mahmodul Hasan,
More than 1.5 million Solar Home Systems (SHSs) have been installed
through a microcredit system provided by Grameen Shakti in Bangladesh.
Around 10 million people are getting benefits from these systems, and
over 350,000 tonnes of CO2 are saved each year. Grameen Shakti also
has significant achievements in Improved Cooking Stoves (ICSs) and
in biogas production from organic-waste-based plants. However, this
case study focuses on
the Solar Home Systems (SHSs) installed by Grameen Shakti, a national
focal point of INFORSE.
"Solar Home Systems with Micro Credits" Chapter from Publication "Combining
Energy Access and Climate Protection", 2014 (pdf
By Ganesh Ram Shrestha, Subarna Prasad Kapali, and Ashma Pakhrin, Centre
for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
This case study summarizes the status of the Improved Water Mill (IWM)
sub-sector, with its historical context of development and implementation
as well as with its future potential development. Installation of improved
water mills increases access to energy services, promoting socio-economic
development of the rural communities in Nepal. It also contributes to
a better climate, as it offsets fossil-fuel use. The case study was prepared
by CRT/N, INFORSE’s national focal point in Nepal.
-"Improved Water Mills" Chapter from Publication "Combining
Energy Access and Climate Protection", 2014 (PDF)
Manual in Micro Hydro Development
by CRT Nepal
present favourable status of micro hydro in Sri Lanka
is mainly due to the efforts of the ITDG to promote
research and technology transfers and to influence
The extensive experience and insights gained by the ITDG working in Nepal,
Peru and Sri Lanka have been used as the main resource base to prepare
a training manual on small-scale water power schemes.
This is a comprehensive and a well illustrated manual (379 pages) used
to train engineers, lay persons, rural development planners, specialists
and non specialist, technical and non technical alike. The manual provides
numerous working examples so that financial and engineering calculations
can be followed in detail leading the reader to confidentially design
his own scheme.
Read more about
the "Training Manual in Micro Hydro Development" 2006 (pdf
of Hydro Power in Villages in Sri Lanka
The government has
implemented the renewable energy for rural economic development
project (RERED) aimed at promoting the use of micro hydro, photovoltaic
or biomass in households not serviced by the national grid.
The project runs from 2002
to 2007. Under this programme it is planned to install 90 schemes
with a total capacity of 3,762 kW ranging from individual capacities
of 2.6 kW to 40 kW to provide electricity to 3,762 households.
At end of December 2004, 31 micro hydro schemes were completed
providing electricity to 1979 houses. The rest of the projects
are in progress.
At present it is estimated
that in nearly 250 off-grid villages hydro schemes are in operation.
Read more about
the "Development of hydro power in villages" 2006
(pdf 16 kB)