INFORSE-Europe International Network for Sustainable Energy
of the Pan-European Sustainable Energy NGO Seminar -
INFORSE-Europe September, 2001, Denmark
Climate Strategies After COP6bis. -
Climate Network Europe
is Climate Network Europe?
Strategies after Climate Convention Connference in Bonn, july 2001 (COP6bis)?
Did Bonn settle the
What did the brilliant NGOs achieve in Bonn?some good things
Political deal excluding only the US
Kept multilateral climate policy alive
Some key bad stuff excluded, especially nukes from the project mechanisms
Door left open for further work on environmental standards
Real chance of entry into force
and some not so good
So what is to be done in Marrakech? Political agreement must be respected in legal texts
The compliance regime must retain its strength
Timetables and structures for elaborating environmental standards
Ratification and entry into force The Rio +10 deadline is only a year away!
Key message is that we now have enough agreement to ratify
Entry into force needs EU, CEE, Russia and Japan
Australia and Canada politically important
Implementation: how do we meet these targets?EU and CEE well placed to meet the Kyoto targets
NGOs must push voluntary restraint on loopholes, e.g. Norway
Implement Kyoto targets with an eye on the long term
Nuclear phase-out need not affect this, but geological sequestration may be proposed
Bringing the US on board US will not propose an alternative to Kyoto in near future
Now has other pressing foreign policy priorities
US very unlikely to join Kyoto later
Need to find ways to get US adoption of equally tough domestic policies
Perhaps link with Kyoto in second commitment period?
Looking to the long termWhat is the long-term climate strategy?
Kyoto will set the right trends a lot more useful than it looks
What new countries will be brought in to take targets?
Equity, adaptation and emission rights
Science and a step-by-step approach
Developing countries are all different Advanced developing countries: Mexico, Argentina, South Korea, etc.
Big total emitters India, China, Brazil
The seriously poor Bangladesh, sub-Saharan Africa
Facing up to equity Fairness and justice must be guiding principles for long term climate policy
What is fair? Is per-capita allocation fair to those with low renewable resources?
Can a hypothetically ideal equity be imposed?
How can equity be increased in Kyoto-style context?
Science and step-by step approach Science is still progressing optimal level of emissions still unknown in detail
It is for industrialised countries to take the main burden of reductions
Targets can be progressively tightened
Combine with other measures such as renewable energy targets?