Wind Energy Development in
Poland has good wind conditions and an extended power grid as
well as financing options of state and foreign aid.
Polish - Danish Cooperation
1990, a collaboration between the Polish and the Danish governments resulted
in the erection of Poland's first two commercially produced wind turbines.
They are situated near Gdansk in Northern Poland, in Lisewo and Swarzewo. The
projects received financial support from the Danish state.
The wind turbine in Swarzewo was installed in cooperation
between the Danish Folkecenter for Renewable Energy and Gdansk Electric
Utility, with assistance from Ecobaltic Foundation in Gdansk. The Folkecenter
supplied the turbine parts, while the tower and several essential parts were
produced in Poland in order to build up a Polish know-how in the field. The 95
kW turbine is owned by Gdansk Electric Utility that has reported about the
turbine's satisfactory operation in several articles published widely in
Poland. It has now been in regular service for 6 years.
The installation in Lisewo is owned by the hydro-power
station in Zarnowiec, which financed the site preparation and the grid
connection. The Danish partners, Nordtank and Elsamproject, were
responsible for the feasibility study, documentation, training, and the
turbine parts. Also this turbine is operating to the satisfaction of the
owners as well as of the neighbours.
In 1994, the Polish company NOWOMAG started the first
commercial production of Polish wind turbines. The prototype was a 100kW
turbine. After that 160kW turbines were produced.
The fourth 160kW turbine was installed near the town of
Kwilcz in 1996. It is owned by the municipality of Kwilcz, which financed 30%
of the expenses. The rest of the investment was covered by the National
Foundation for Environmental Protection.
In general, Kwilcz municipality is satisfied with the
turbine. Also the neighbours seem content with it.