Objectives of Kitchen Improvement
of the kitchen entails:
- use of improved
- improved lighting,
air circulation and smoke extraction
- arranging the
interior of the kitchen for ergonomic- efficiency of cooking activities,
- storage and preservation
of food and spices,
- storage of utensils,
plates, fuel and water.
It also implies:
- kitchen management,
- kitchen waste
- use of safe drinking
- safety from food
the pivot for family harmony. Kitchen improvement is based on promoting
energy efficiency but also on improved education, health, hygiene, housing,
gender empowerment, environment and women's income generation.
of Energy Solutions applied to Kitchen Improvement
Stove Construction in Sri Lanka
" Anagi" is
two pot single-piece clay stove designed to meet the cooking needs of
a 6 people family. It
can accommodate medium-size hard or soft wood and other loose biomass
residues such as coconut shells, fronds and leaves. The stove design
been carefully developed to suit the cooking habits and the types of
food cooked in Sri Lanka and to be energy efficient.
The life-time of the stove
is about 3 years if it is used with insulation (normally insulation consist
of clay/mud cover). In general a skilled potter and 3 assistants could
produce about 1000 stoves a month. The potter needs to be skilled in traditional
pottery making technology for selection to be trained in stove making.
The overall construction process lasts around ten days.
Stove-making needs a special
training to avoid excessive breakages in the construction and standardise
the stove dimensions. The guide lines for this special training is given
in a training manual titled " How to make Sri Lanka 's Anagi Stove".
This training manual is the
work of ITDG and IDEA. The manual provides detailed illustrations and
description for all the steps of the construction process. It also gives
a list of all the tools, moulds and templates required and how you can
The "Anagi" stove
production manual is available from IDEA, Integrated
Development Association (IDEA),
Galmaduwawatte Rd, Nattarampotna, Kundasale, Sri Lanka, Phone: +94
81-2423396, Fax: +94 81-4470649, Email: email@example.com
Read more about Anagi's contruction
process ( 168
more about the success
story of "Anagi" efficient stoves ( 133
more on Improved Kitchen in Sri Lanka:
Article: "Great "No-smoke" kitchen in
Article's author is Zareen Myles (WAFD), India. The article was published in
Sustainable Energy News, December 2007, on page 9, issue number 59.
Full article: 4 pages, (142kB
pdf file) and the shorter edited version published:1
page, (426 KB pdf file),
Improved Cook Stoves
(ICS) Program in Nepal
The general objective of this program is to establish a sustainable framework
and strategy to make available technically and socially appropriate ICS in rural
communities based on local capacity building and income generation. This program
has been currently promoting ICS in 33 mid-hill districts of the country.
The type of ICS promoted is made up of 3-part mud/earth, 2 parts straw/husk and
1 part animal dung. The whole structure is plastered smooth with the same mud
mortar. ICS has two fire openings for cooking pots, one behind the other. There
is no need to blow the fire as it utilizes the heat, generated by burning fuelwood.
ICS can even be used for space heating
by adding a cast iron/mild steel plate put tight over the pot holes
for the pots or by putting a metal pipe around the space/room to make
the hot air pass around the room through the pipe before going out
through the chimney. Nowadays, use of ICS for water heating by attaching
a back boiler on the side or around the chimney pipe is increasing
in the midhills and mountain regions of Nepal.
The materials required for the construction
of ICS are locally available and includes stones/bricks, mud/earth,
straw/rice husk, iron plates/ rebar/sheet, animal dung.
Benefits of the ICS
In Nepal, women are mainly responsible
for cooking activities and collecting firewood.. Studies have shown that
ICS has efficiency of 15-25% and fuelwood saving is 30-35% thus favoring
the drudgery reduction of women as ICS cuts down their cooking time and
hardship in collection of scarce fuelwood. The majority of thewomen using
ICS have responded that they had asthma and eye burning due to traditional
stoves but also that the situation has improved after installation of
ICS and they don't suffer from burning eyes and breathing problems.
Studies have shown that with the use of ICS human exposure to pollutants in
the kitchen environment has been reduced by an average of 69% carbon monoxide
concentration, 53% Total Suspended Particle (TSP) Concentration and 63% HCHO
Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
PO Box 3628, Nepal.
Phone : 977 1-4260165/-4256819,
F: 977 1 4257922
Read more about:
- ICS program in Nepal. (16kb
Asia Energy Solutions to Reduce Poverty Manual.